Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked country in East Africa. Uganda is bordered on the east by Kenya, on the north by South Sudan, on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on the southwest by Rwanda, and on the south by Tanzania. The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria, shared with Kenya and Tanzania.
Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which encompasses a large portion of the south of the country including the capital Kampala. The people of Uganda were hunter-gatherers until 1,700 to 2,300 years ago, when Bantu-speaking populations migrated to the southern parts of the country. The area was ruled by the British beginning in the late 1800s. Uganda gained independence from Britain on 9 October 1962. The period since then has been marked by intermittent conflicts, most recently a civil war against the Lord's Resistance Army.
The official languages are English and Swahili, although multiple other languages are spoken in the country.
For more detailed information about Uganda’s tourist attractions, please visit THE Online Travel Guide for Uganda: ENJOY UGANDA.
You may start your two countries safari in Rwanda, and end it in Uganda, and vice versa.
There are several International Airlines that fly in and out of Entebbe and Kigali International Airports, which make it possible to start your safari in Rwanda and end it in Uganda, and vice versa.
For your appropriate air travel itinerary and your Air Ticket, please seek advise from your Travel Agent /Travel Consultant.
Landlocked Uganda takes its name from the Buganda kingdom, which once encompassed lands in the southern reaches of the country.
Uganda gained independence from Britain in 1962, and the first elections were held. However, over the next decade the wide range of ethnic groups and political differences in Uganda proved difficult to govern.
In 1971 Idi Amin seized power, and he ruled the country for the next eight years. His military dictatorial regime was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents. Misery continued as guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton Obote (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives.
The rule of Yoweri Museveni since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. He has established a philosophy of self-sufficiency and anti-corruption causing western countries to assist him in the country’s transformation.
The constitution was amended by parliament In July 2005, to eliminate term limits, thus allowing President Museveni another term in office and in February 2006, he was reelected to another five-year term with 59% of the vote.
Uganda is one of the world’s poorest countries; its economy has suffered form devastating economic politics and instability, and in fact fifty-one percent of the population of the country still live slightly below the international poverty line of US $1.25 a day.
It does have substantial natural resources of minerals and untapped reserves of crude oil and natural gas, and on a positive note, reforms have been put in place and the economy has grown some.
- Official Name Republic of Uganda
- Population 31,656,865
- Capital City Kampala (pop. 1,189,142)
- Currency Uganda Shilling
- Languages English (official), local dialects
- National Day 9 October, Independence Day
- Religions Catholic, Protestant, traditional beliefs
- Latitude/Longitude 0° 32' N, 32° 58' E
- Land Area 199,550 sq km (77,046 sq miles)
- Highest Point Mt. Stanley (16,765 ft.) (5,110 m)
- Lowest Point Lake Albert (2,037 ft.) (621 m)
Located on the edge of the Equator, Uganda is positioned in south-central Africa, and bordered by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan and Tanzania.
Uganda averages about 1,100 metres (3,609 ft) above sea level, and while much of its border is lakeshore, Uganda is landlocked with no access to the sea.
The country is mostly plateau with some rolling hills and low mountains. Grassland and tropical forest dominate the central region, with volcanic foothills in the east.
The Ruwenzori Mountains form much of the southwestern border between Uganda and the DRC. The highest peaks there are snowcapped. In eastern Uganda, the border with Kenya is marked by volcanic hills.
Uganda is replete with water and contains many large lakes. In fact, almost one-fifth of its total area is open water or swampland. Four of East Africa's Great Lakes – Lake Victoria, Lake Kyoga, Lake Albert, and Lake Edward lie within Uganda or on its borders.
Lake Victoria is the second largest inland freshwater lake in the world (after Lake Superior), and it feeds the upper waters of the Nile River, which is referred to in this region as the Victoria Nile.
Lake Kyoga and the surrounding basin dominate central Uganda. Additional lakes of note include Lake Kwania, Lake Bugondo, Lake George and Lake Opeta.
The Nile River leaves Lake Victoria near Jinja, as the Victoria Nile. It flows for approximately 500 kilometres (300 mi) further, through Lake Kyoga, until it reaches Lake Albert. After leaving Lake Albert, the river is known as the Albert Nile. It then flows into Sudan, where it is known as the Bahr al Jabal, or Mountain Nile.
Nearly 15 percent of Uganda's land is set aside as national parks, forests, and game reserves, so for animal and nature lovers, Uganda is worth considering.
Gorilla Tracking Safaris are a main attraction in Uganda as half of the worlds gorillas are found in Bwindi National Park and Mgahinga National Park. Permits are expensive, but well worth it. Its advisable to book gorilla permits months prior to any visit.
Forest walks through Uganda's tropical forests are an excellent activity to consider, as well as chimpanzee tracking and bird watching. Mountaineering is also a major attraction in the Rwenzori Mountains.
The Nile River flowing out of Lake Victoria provides plenty of adventure through bungee jumping, white water rafting, cruises, and scenic beauty.
The Ssese (Sese) Islands, an archipelago of eighty-four islands, are known for their fishing venues. The islands are also home to a variety of animals, including primates, and they are well served by ferries.
Major cultural attractions In Uganda include the Kasubi Tombs; A burial place to former Kings of Buganda, the Uganda Museum, The Bahai Temple, Wamala Tombs and Namugongo Shrines.
Before finalizing and/or making your travel plans to any worldwide destination, we strongly recommend you authenticate and research all of the important details regarding applicable health, passport and visa requirements.
The climate in Uganda is certainly affected by its position on the Equator. In broad terms…the weather is warm and quite pleasant throughout the year.
Even during the rainy seasons, and their are two, the sun is out most of the time as rain often occurs at night, or during the early morning hours. And in the event of heavy rains during the daylight hours, the equatorial sun drys the land quite quickly.